Who doesn’t know about Dussehra? This is a very important festival for all Hindus. But do you know why Dussehra is celebrated?
When is Dussehra in 2021?
In 2021, Dussehra is on 15th October, Friday.
Why is Dussehra celebrated?
The Dussehra festival is also called Vijaya Dashami. Because on this day, good prevails over evil. The Dussehra festival is celebrated on a regular basis.
It is strongly influenced by the Ramayana in which Lord Rama and the demon Ravana are explained.
If you have read Ramayana, then you must know from this that Lord Rama killed Ravana in this and also saved Mother Sita from her clutches. It is not a one-day festival but it is celebrated for 10 days. The last day (tenth day) is called Dussehra or Vijaya Dashami.
This is the day Sat-Karma earned discrete actions. At the same time, he teaches us that those who follow the right path have always won. In these ten days, the cult of many goddesses is celebrated.
Garba is played on these nights without and is called Navratri. Every day a goddess is worshipped these days no. Here you can read about many of these things in this article.
Therefore, for complete information, please read this article about why Dussehra is fully celebrated.
What is Dussehra?
According to the Hindu calendar, the Dussehra festival is celebrated in the month of Ashwin and falls on the tenth day. This festival is celebrated after the conclusion of the nine-day Navratri.
The Dussehra festival is also known as Vijayadashami and is celebrated with great joy and enthusiasm by Hindus from all over India. It is one of the most important religious holidays in India.
According to historical beliefs and the most famous Hindu scripture, the Ramayana, it is mentioned that Lord Rama performed a Chandi-puja (holy prayer) to obtain the blessings of Goddess Durga Mata to kill the powerful demon, Ravana.
The ten-headed demon king of Sri Lanka kidnapped Lord Rama’s wife, Sita, to avenge her sister Suparnakha. From then on, the day that Lord Rama killed Ravana, it was celebrated as the Dussehra festival.
Other Names of the Dussehra Festival
Dussehra is also referred to as Vijayadashami, Bijoya.
History of Dussehra
There are many mythological stories behind this festival. In some parts of India, this day means the day Goddess Durga killed the demon Mahishasura.
That is why the nine incarnations of Goddess Durga are worshipped on Navratri. Goddess Durga is also said to be immersed in water along with the devotees signifying the departure of Goddess Durga from the material world after keeping the Dharma.
In South India, the Dussehra festival is mainly celebrated in Mysore, Karnataka, like the day that Chamundeshwari, another avatar of the goddess Durga, killed the demon Mahishasura.
Do you know that the whole city sparkles with coloured lights and is beautifully decorated? In fact, the elephant parade with the Goddess Chamundeshwari procession is also held throughout the city.
Why do we celebrate Dussehra?
In northern India, the Dussehra festival is celebrated as the day that Lord Rama killed the demon king Ravana in Lanka. According to Hindu mythology, Ravana is said to have kidnapped Sita, Lord Rama’s wife.
Ravana has an important role in the Ramayana. Ravana had a sister who was known as Shurpanakha. She fell in love with brothers Ram and Laxman and wanted to marry one of them. Laxman refused to marry her and Ram couldn’t because he had already married Sita.
Shurpanakha threatened to kill Sita so that she could marry Rama. Enraged by this, Laxman cut off Shurpanakha’s nose and ears. Ravana then kidnaps Sita to avenge her sister’s injuries. Rama and Laxman then fought to save Sita. Lord Hanuman and a huge army of monkeys assisted him and won the victory.
Ravana also received a blessing from Lord Brahma for being indestructible. Lord Rama is believed to be Lord Vishnu’s seventh rebirth and battle; Lord Rama managed to shoot arrows into Ravana’s stomach and killed him. Therefore, the Dussehra festival is celebrated as the victory of good over evil.
Importance of Dussehra
Dussehra is the festival of the victory of good over evil. This festival shows that one day, wrongdoing is presented in front of everyone. No matter what evil force pushes you, truth and righteousness always win.
Also, Dussehra is considered a day to start a new business or new investments.
On the same day or occasion, Arjuna destroyed the entire Kuru dynasty, which included warriors such as Bhishma, Drona, Ashwatthama, and Karna. All the stories behind the festival have the victory of good (dharma) over evil (dharma).
How is Dussehra celebrated?
In various parts of northern India, huge and colourful effigies of Ravana and his son Meghnad and his brother Kumbhakarna are set alight.
The whole atmosphere is filled with the sound of firecrackers. People and children watched the fair all night, including Ram-Leela. Various important events in Lord Rama’s life are performed by real people in Ram Leela.
Thousands of men, women and children from the surrounding area gather to enjoy the show at Ramlila Maidan.
There are different customs and traditions of celebrating the Dussehra festival in different regions of the country.
For ten days, the temple priests recite mantras and stories from the Ramayana in front of a large crowd of devotees. Sometimes a large Ram Leela fair is held over several days or a month.
At the end of Durga Puja, the idols of Goddess Durga are immersed in bodies of water. In Himachal Pradesh, the state government has granted the Vijayadashami festival in Kullu the status of an international festival.
So now you should know why Dussehra festival is celebrated, what is the story behind it and how it is celebrated.
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